Decoding and Defining Each One
At some point in nearly every employee’s career, there may be a need to take an extended Leave of Absence from work.
Now, more than ever before, the social distancing, isolation and quarantines required as our nation responds to COVID-19, underscore the importance of the many Leave types available to U.S. workers. The Leaves range from traditional time off offered by employers, to the recent emergency Leaves that have been enacted by special federal and state laws to provide immediate economic relief and job protection to workers affected by COVID-19.
Leaves may be paid or unpaid, and some may be guaranteed by law. Specific types can also include protections so employees know their job will be waiting for them when they return. To help you see what’s available and what each one can be used for, we’ve put together a list of the most common types of Leave, including the new emergency COVID-19 Leaves. In addition, we have included a description of the wage replacement benefits that employers may provide in addition to state mandated Workers Compensation insurance for employees that are unable to work due to a Disability.
Emergency COVID-19 Related Leaves
Families First Coronavirus Response Act (FFCRA) – The federal law created two new types of temporary Paid Leave, one included temporary changes to the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) of 1993 which had provided 12 weeks of unpaid Leave for illness or family-related reasons, and the other by enacting a temporary Paid Sick Leave. These temporary COVID-19 Leaves, which expired at the end of 2020, were available to businesses with 500 or fewer employees and to some government employers. The FFCRA tax credits and certain other tax credits were extended through September 30, 2021, to covered employers who voluntarily offer these types of leaves, along with new leave reasons beginning on April 1, 2021. The voluntary FFCRA-related Leaves and other COVID-19-related leaves include: