Trade Agreements

While researching import or export opportunities for goods and services, you’ll probably run across references to “free trade agreements.” Although you can trade with businesses in almost any country, growing small- and mid-sized businesses usually find it easier to begin by trading with partners that participate in free trade agreements with the United States.
A free trade agreement basically allows businesses in member countries to break down trade barriers, enjoy a more transparent and stable trading environment, and take advantage of reduced tariffs, or even no tariffs at all.
For example, one well-known free trade agreement is NAFTA, the North American Free Trade Agreement, which was established in 1994. But the United States is a party to 14 different free trade agreements that include 20 different countries.
Even if you do business with a free trade agreement nation, there may be tariffs to consider – essentially a tax on your exports or imports – based on the type of goods and services involved. Make certain you understand what tariffs may be in place before you settle on pricing.

Game Plan

  • Review this list of free trade agreements to see whether your counterparty does business in a country that participates in one of these agreements.
  • If you’re still researching potential customers or suppliers, consider confining your search to the member countries on that list.
  • Find out whether there are potential tariffs for your goods or services by using the FTA “Tariff Tool” at
Need Business Insurance?

Need Business Insurance?

For more than 200 years businesses have trusted The Hartford. We can help you get the right coverage with an online quote.
Iniciar cotización
The content displayed is for information only and does not constitute an endorsement by, or represent the view of, The Hartford.